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How to Pronounce the Spanish Alphabet

Overview: In this free vocabulary lesson in Spanish, we’re going to review how to pronounce the Spanish alphabet
Who it’s for: People who want to review the Spanish alphabet and improve their pronunciation.
Skill level: For beginners


Spanish Alphabet Pronounciation

In this free Spanish training, we will begin by training your ears. The main objective of this course is to develop your communication skills, namely your conversation skills, and pronunciation is the basis of all real fluency. Then we will move on to pronunciation, which is the basis for comprehension.

The Spanish alphabet is based on the Latin one but some letters have significantly different pronunciations than their counterparts in English. Remember that eyes can trip ears.

Be aware of similarities and differences in English and Spanish regarding pronunciation.

Native English speakers, starting to learn Spanish, are prone to make mistakes with the English vowels: “a” “e” and “i.” They sound completely different in Spanish.

The same applies for the consonants “h” “j” “r” and “y”.

First, let’s get familiar with the Spanish alphabet:


Great! Now that you know the alphabet, let’s put this knowledge to use by showing some examples for each letter:

A= barato (cheap), pagar (to pay), esperar (to wait), trabajar (to work), camisa (shirt)

B= beber (to drink), bien (good), bonito (pretty), también (also), bar (bar), botella (bottle).

C= camisa (shirt), cena (dinner), cine (cinema), copa (cup), culpa (blame), consejo (advice)

Ch= cuchillo (knife), muchacho (boy), leche (milk), coche (car).

D= dedo (finger), día (day), durante (during), delante (in front), duda (doubt)

E= escuela (school), estadio (stadium), comer (eat), estar (to be), encontrar ( to find)

F= fácil (easy), eficiente (efficient), feo (ugly), futuro (future), familia (family)

G= gente (people), garage (garage), jugo (juice), agua (water)

H= hacer (to do), historia (history), hotel (hotel), ahora (now)

I= imitar (to imitate), iniciar (to initiate), abrir (to open), vino (wine)

J= jamón (ham), aguja (needle), japón (Japan), jungla (jungle)

K=kiosko (kiosk), kilo (kilo)

L= lado (side), leer (to read), limitar (limit), lavamanos (sinks)

LL= lluvia (rain), cuchillo (knife), llave (key), llorar (to cry), llevar (to bring)

M= manzana (apple), melon (melon), medio (middle), miedo (fear)

N= no (no), nada (nothing), nadie (no one), noche (night), pantalón (trousers), nariz (nose)

Ñ= señor (sir), pequeño (small), niño (child), piña (pineapple), mañana(morning/tomorrow), baño (bathroom)

O= cuarto (room), recepción (reception), chico (kid), lejos (far), mono (monkey)

P= poco (small), padre (father), piso (floor), puerto (door), paisaje (landscape)

Q= quitar (to remove), queso (cheese), quien (who), querer (to want), quisiera (would like)

R= raro (rare), amar (to love), rincón (corner), recepcionista (receptionist)

RR= carro (car), amarro (I tie up), perro (dog), jarra (jar), barra (bar)

S= sí (yes), espero (I wait) , sucio (dirty), saber (to know), sincero (sincere)

T= tabaco (tabaco), también (also), tanto (so/score), todavia (still), todo (all)

U= tú (you), alguno (some), justo (just), bulto (package), formulario (form), único (only)

V= vaca (cow), vacaciones (vacation), vino (wine), viejo (old), vacío (vacant)

X= excelente (excellent) exquisito, (exquisite), extraordinario (extraordinary), expresso (express), taxi (taxi)

Y= Ya (already), soy (I am), doy (give), estoy (I am), yo (I)

Z= zumo (juice), zapato (shoe) , zanahoria (dentist), calzado (footwear)

Perfecto, now you know your ABCs!